The game of 31 was a favourite of con artists who rode the railroads in days of yore. The game

is played with a deck of 24 cards: four labelled each of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. The cards in the deck are

visible to both players, who alternately withdraw one card from the deck and place it on a pile.

The object of the game is to be the last player to lay a card such that the sum of the cards in

the pile does not exceed 31. Your task is to determine the eventual winner of a partially played

game, assuming each player plays the remainder of the game using a perfect strategy.

For example, in the following game player B wins: