Problem 1101 --马的移动

1101: 马的移动

Time Limit: 1 Sec  Memory Limit: 32 MB
Submit: 185  Solved: 93
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Description

小明很喜欢下国际象棋,一天,他拿着国际象棋中的“马”时突然想到一个问题:
给定两个棋盘上的方格a和b,马从a跳到b最少需要多少步?
现请你编程解决这个问题。

提示:国际象棋棋盘为8格*8格,马的走子规则为,每步棋先横走或直走一格,然后再往外斜走一格。

Input

输入包含多组测试数据。每组输入由两个方格组成,每个方格包含一个小写字母(a~h),表示棋盘的列号,和一个整数(1~8),表示棋盘的行号。

Output

对于每组输入,输出一行“To get from xx to yy takes n knight moves.”。

Sample Input

e2 e4
a1 b2
b2 c3
a1 h8
a1 h7
h8 a1
b1 c3
f6 f6

Sample Output

To get from e2 to e4 takes 2 knight moves.
To get from a1 to b2 takes 4 knight moves.
To get from b2 to c3 takes 2 knight moves.
To get from a1 to h8 takes 6 knight moves.
To get from a1 to h7 takes 5 knight moves.
To get from h8 to a1 takes 6 knight moves.
To get from b1 to c3 takes 1 knight moves.
To get from f6 to f6 takes 0 knight moves.

HINT

Source

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